Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .

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Description This is a fast-growing smallish tree that can be as tall as 5 m. Combined with Senna occidentalis, it is drunk against asthma; in combination with the leaves of Gaphia lucida it is a treatment against female sterility and painful menstruation[ ]. Because the dye does not dissolve well in water the wood is boiled for 1. In some areas it is associated with superstitions; in southeast Nigeria the Ijo people carve fetish objects from it to protect nktida area from evil spirits.

In Yorubaland this ointment is also used by hunters setting off to collect honey from the forest as a protection against bee stings. Finely ground root bark, mixed with honey, is taken against asthma.

Organic and Bio-organic Chemistry 2: Read more about the Fabaceae family. In West Africa, powdered heartwood is a familiar red body paint and the paste is much used as a cosmetic for the skin, e.

When freshly cut the sapwood is yellowish white, emitting an unpleasant smell, scarcely darkening when dry. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras.

The dye is used by African natives to decorate their faces during ceremonial dances, also as a paint for religious objects.

Baphia nitida close up of a flower obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. The Digital Nature Archive of Singapore is built up by the help of various people: Baphia nitida Distribution of Baphia nitida Lodd.


In Sierra Leone a bark decoction is drunk to cure cardial pain and bark and leaves are prepared as an enema to treat constipation.

Baphia nitida Lodd.

The leaves or leaf juice are applied against parasitic skin diseases, and a leaf infusion is drunk to cure enteritis and other gastrointestinal problems. For more information about QR Codes click here. You will receive a range of benefits including: Baphia nitida trimmed as hedge obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. balhia

Agroforestry Systems 42 1: The effects of Baphia nitida Lodd Leguminosae extract on the gastrointestinal tract of rats and mice. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Wikipedia articles bphia a citation from The American Cyclopaedia Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference All stub articles.

Baphla dye is soluble in alkali and alcohol, much less so in water. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1, – 2,mm, but tolerates 1, – 4,mm[ ].

The roots are crushed, mixed with water, and skins are steeped in the dye bath, taking up the red dye within about one day.

Baphia Nitida Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients

It is often planted in villages for shade and as a handy source of raw materials. In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum dye bath[ ]. Baphia nitida SH nltida nitida.

Flowers in axillary fascicles, 1—5-flowered, bisexual, papilionaceous; pedicel slender, 3—17 mm long; calyx spathaceous, 8—10 mm long, glabrous but with a tuft of brown hairs at apex; corolla with standard suborbicular, 1—2 cm in diameter, white with a yellow centre, wings and keel white with a pocket near the base; stamens 10, filaments unequal, free, up to 7 mm long; ovary superior, sessile, glabrous, sometimes with a row of bapia hairs along the dorsal margin, 1-celled, style curved, filiform, stigma small.

Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. Baphia nitida occurs wild from Senegal to Gabon.


See images of our work on Flickr. The twigs are used as chewing sticks[ ]. Baphia nitida baphia nitida 01 BE brussels There are 19 citations in Afrirefs related to Baphia nitida Lodd.

Baphia Nitida Herb Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients

Roots have medicinal properties as well. Fruits are straight pods, cm long and mm wide, sharply pointed at both ends and with brown, flat seeds. The heartwood camwood and roots of Baphia nitida yield a red dye that was used locally until recently to dye raffia and cotton textiles.

Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. The plant responds well to trimming and is grown as a hedge and fence[ ]. Its heartwood is also a source of a red dye but it has been less nitkda.

Substitutes for camwood are the dyes obtained from other insoluble bapia, such as Benin camwood Baphia pubescens Hook. It was a major source of bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e. Baphia nitida x – 31k – jpg tropicalplant. These are followed by pointed pods, 7cm 3 ins long, which ripen in October and split open to release one or two dark brown, shiny seeds.

In some regions the tree is considered sacred, endowed with the power to protect against evil spirits and to attract benevolent ones. Baphia angolensis sensu Lester-Garland Baphia barombiensis Taub. The powdered heartwood is made into an ointment with shea butter Vitellaria paradoxa and is applied to stiff and swollen joints, sprains and rheumatic complaints[ ].

The seeds are edible[ ]. It was formerly exported to Europe for turnery and cabinetry. Le monde des teintures naturelles. It was used for dark grey and black colours in the wool-cloth industry until the beginning of the 20 th century.