ALAEDDIN KEYKUBAD PDF
There were three sultans of Anatolian Seljuks named – Alâeddin Keykubad. Among those sultans, Alâeddin Keykubad I, the son of Gıyâseddin Kaykhusraw I, . Alaeddin Keykubad Mosque – ° panoramic virtual tour – experience Alaeddin Keykubad Mosque as if you’re there!. View the profiles of people named Alaeddin Keykubad. Join Facebook to connect with Alaeddin Keykubad and others you may know. Facebook gives people.
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He was the founder of the Anatolian Seljuk State. He participated in the Battle of Malazgirt with Alparslan. The conquest army in Anatolia won the battle against the Byzantine army around Kayseri and proceeded to the Marmara coasts, Izmit without encountering any obstacles.
Inhe captured Iznik, an important Byzantine city, and his public, and settled in Iznik. On the one hand, while the conquests continued, on the other hand, Turks were brought and settled in the conquered lands. At the most violent stage of the battle, some soldiers left the side of the Suleiman Shah and pass to the other side.
Then the army of the Solomon Shah was destroyed. He became a martyr while fighting in battlefield. Inalaedxin surrounded Malatya city. While the Malatya Castle was about to fall, the siege was abolished when they learned that the Crusader army had entered Anatolia from aaeddin west.
Melikshah remained as prisoner until and during these 3 years there was a great conflict in Anatolia. The Byzantines have begun to regain their lands in western Anatolian.
The Anatolian Seljuks were drawn back into Anatolia. Meliksah was freed in and was seated to the throne of Anatolian Seljuks in Konya, but he could not prevent the land losses of the Seljuks in Anatolia. Also his brother I. Rukneddin Mesud is Anatolian Seljuk Sultan with the longest period. Rukneddin Mesud was under the supervision of the Danishmends for a while. They defeated Byzantine army in front of Konya in Mesud divided his country among his three sons according to the tradition.
After his death, the throne wars began between his sons. His grave is in Amasya Simre town. Western sources are mentioned in Anatolia in the name of Turkey for the first time in history. However, other groups in Anatolia who made benefit of these throne battles, had some alliances against the Anatolian Seljuks.
In order to keep the state alive, II. By securing the Western border, II. After a while, the peace between II. This was the greatest victory of the Turks after Malazgirt against Byzantium in Anatolia. He ascended to throne in two different periods. The princes have become governors of the central government. After the death of II. However in he had to leave the throne to his brother II.
The Byzantine emperor, who benefited from these struggles, took action in the Black Sea coasts. Suleiman Shah prevented these developments and made a treaty with the emperor and then he defeated Cilicia Armenian king of II. Leon and forced them to retreat to the south of the Taurus Mountains. After forcing Byzantine emperor to pay money and punishing Armenian kingdom, he turned to East Anatolia and took Malatya. Keyiubadhe added Erzurum to his country and ended Saltuklus and became neighbor with Georgians.
He ruled for a short period like eight months. Upon the death of his father inhe ascended to throne in Konya as a child. The Danishmend Turkmens took Isparta Castle. Upon the death of his father I. First he has defeated his brother, I. Alaeddin Keykubad who rebelled against him thus himself, thus he gave all his attention to the alaedvin of trade in Anatolia after he had strengthened his government.
He concluded an agreement with the Kingdom of Cyprus to alqeddin trade between the two countries.
He took Sinop from the Greek Empire of Trabzon to open the northern trade route. Then, he walked over the Armenian dervishes that blocked the southern trade route and defeated the Armenians and opened the Syrian trade route.
Thus, Anatolia became the center of trade caravans. Izzeddin Keykavus I died in and his brother Alaeddin Keykubad ascended to throne. He is the most famous Anatolia Seljuk Sultanate of Turkey and the world literature due to the his works and the prestige which he brought to himself and the state in terms of his military and administrative aspect. Inhe was appointed as Tokat meliki governor and learned of state administration and had experience. Alaeddin Keykubad built a shipyard and armory in this city and rebuilt the city’s castle.
By understanding the danger of Mongol, Alaeddin Keykubad strengthened his eastern borders. During this strengthening, Ahlat was conquered. However, this conquest led to a break with the Ayyubids. He defeated the army sent by the Ayyubis in the south of the Taurus and captured Harput and Urfa.
He successfully managed ambassador of Mongol empire before his death, and he saved Anatolia from the Mongolian invasion. He was killed in in Kayseri by being poisoned during a banquet. He fought against the Harzem amirs who were the supporters of his brother. InDiyarbakir was handed over to Anatolian Seljuks. Nomadic Turkmens who escaped from Mongols and took refuge in Anatolia and new problems occurred within the established state structure in Anatolia.
Under these circumstances, Babai revolt initiated by Baba ishak was suppressed.
Alaeddin Keykubad – Wikipedia
However, it shook the power of state in considerable amount. The Mongols who benefited from the weakening of the Anatolian Seljuks, took over Erzurum.
After the peace with the Mongols was provided, the sultan returned to Konya and left the state affairs to his vizier Semseddin Isfahani. Mongols was satisfied from IV. Thus, the throne trials began between II. The third and the youngest brother II. Alaeddin Keykubad also joined this throne trial. However, with the intervention of the notables of Anatolia, the three brothers were persuaded to rule jointly. Thus, triple power period that will last 8 years in the history of Anatolian Seljuk State, began in InMongol commander Baycu Noyan made another expedition to Anatolia.
He defeated the army of II. Izzeddin Keykavus near Aksaray and thus Anatolia was completely under the rule of Mongol. Triple power period continued till the death of II.
Alaeddin Keykubad for unknown reasons in Izzeddin Keykavus left Konya and escaped to Crimea and died there in Inhe conquered Konya again.
Instead of him, his young child III. When he ascended the throne, Anatolian Seljuk State was completely under Mongol rule. Inthe Mamluk sultan Baybars invaded Anatolia and took the Seljuks under his ruling. He is the grandson of II. The Mongols kept the Seljuk Sultans under strict control. In the period of Alaeddin Keykubad, there were some conflicts in Anatolia, and the Mongols forced him to leave the throne and they replaced him with II.
Alaeddin Keykubad left the throne, he was sent to Tabriz sentenced to death. However, his wife was from Mongol dynasty and thus he was forgiven. Alaeddin Keykubad was stabbed and killed by one of his servitors for saying high words. Alaeddin Keykubad was on the throne, Osman Gazi was given the title of seigniory for his previous conquests.
The year when Osman Gazi was given the title of seigniory, was accepted as the foundation date of the Ottoman State. Izzeddin was the son of Keykavus. He ascended to throne four times in this period when Anatolian Seljuk Empire was ruled under the sovereignty of the Mongols and everytime he was replaced with the son of his brother III.